Packaging performance testing is done in packaging laboratories. The technology has been developed mainly in USA over the last 50 years.
The scope is in a laboratory to simulate all the impacts from distribution on a packaging system in order to accept, or disapprove of a design for a packaging system.
The worst impacts from drop, shocks, vibration, compression and/or climate was simulated on special designed test equipment. Essential for such a simulation is the test programme. The programme is a list of specific tests and test levels the package has to be run through in a specific procedure.
At the start packaging scientists did not have real measurements from distribution environment. But by experience and co-operation between institutes different test programmes was designed for simulation of different transport and distribution means and for different destinations.